A european credit transfer system / The ECTS
The Bologne agreements established a common structure for studies: LMD (Bachelor or Licence, Master, Doctoral): Licence (1st cycle in 3 years, minimum 6 semesters), Master (2nd cycle in 2 years, minimum 4 semesters) and Doctoral (3rd cycle in 3 years, minimum 6 semesters).
Each year of studies is divided into two semesters. 30 ECTS are to be validated each semester. 60 credits per year are thus required for complete validation of a school year.
Tools for monitoring and evaluating students
Several tools facilitate the monitoring and evaluation of students throughout their education, and foster international mobility (a study period in a partner school or internship abroad). They are: the student handbook, the study contract, evaluation forms (report card) and the supplement to the diploma.
The study contract
At the beginning of each semester, for the 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th years, students establish a study contract for the year that states the different course choices made in addition to required courses. It also stipulates specific clauses with regard to periods outside of the school (internships, study abroad, and schedule arrangements, when possible, in the case of employment or double curricula). The contract, which reflects the academic career and choice of program, is then signed by the student and the school. In the case of foreign exchanges during the school year the contract document is essential.
A report card, issued at the end of each semester, shows a student’s results in his/her different courses and supervised workshops. Included in the document are: the names of the courses taken, assessments received, grades and credits obtained, and a global appreciation for the semester.
The ECTS credits are attributed by teachers or the teaching team after evaluation of the knowledge and achievements of the student during the semester for each course taken.
The number of credits received for each course is determined through evaluation of the workload involved, which includes: attendance in class, personal work, and the estimated time for research, documentation and experimentation involved in the course or workshops. The credits cannot be broken up. Either the student validates all of the credits allotted for a given course or not. The student handbook clearly states the objectives, contents, methodologies and procedures for evaluation and the number of credits for each course or ARC.
For each course taken, a grade is given out of 20. A minimum grade of 10/20 is required for receiving the number of credits attributed for the course. An individual assessment accompanying the grade provides precisions regarding achievements and expectations.
An evaluation on several levels
Evaluation by courses
Each course (theoretical course, workshop, studio, seminar...) is evaluated through continual assessment and evaluation sessions organized according to the framework set out in the student handbook for each pedagogical offering. At the end of the semester teachers give a grade and individual assessment for the course in question.
At the end of each semester evaluation sessions are organized and credits are given in each year of study:
. in 1st year
An evaluation session validates the completion of each semester:
After semester 1 in the form of a written essay; after semester 2 with the submission of an overview of the student’s work (portfolio) and an oral presentation of a selection of art works, done in the context of coursework, before a jury of teachers.
. in years 2 and 3
Each student presents his/her work (production, research notebooks, documentation, projects...) in front of a group of teachers called a tutorat consisting of at least one teacher of the ARC and two teachers from other disciplines (theory teacher, studio instructor...).
The composition of the tutorat is the same for both semester-end evaluation sessions. The tutorat may be summoned outside the evaluation session period if a particular situation during the school year requires.
. in the Master program
. in year 4, the students present their work within the ARC with the additional presence of a guest teacher from outside the ARC. The student installs the work in space and makes an oral presentation explaining the advances made in his/her artistic research.
. in year 5, at the end of semester 9
The DNSEP Blanc (practice diploma exam) takes place in front of one or more teachers from the ARC, the teacher who will represent the school in the diploma jury and one guest personality from outside EBABX. These practice sessions are organized and progress under conditions similar to those of the real diploma exam. Evaluation is made using the same grading critera used for the diploma. Similarly, during semester 10, about one month before the actual diploma, students pass a DNSEP rouge (final practice exam).
Teaching team meetings
The last step in evaluation is the end-of-semester meeting with all of the teachers of a given cycle. These meetings enable the teaching team to measure and analyze the global academic progress and commitment made by each student, to share the different results obtained and to harmonize his/her evaluation. The definitive validation of credits takes place at these meetings.
Credits to be validated
At the end of year 1, passage into the next year is dependent upon the validation of 60 credits, that is to say all of the credits from semesters 1 and 2. The first year cannot be done over again and a student who has not received the totality of the credits may not continue his/her studies at the school.
In years 2 and 4, students must acquire a minimum of 80% of the total possible ECTS credits (a minimum of 24 ECTS each semester) in order to be accepted into the subsequent year.
In years 3 and 5, the totality of credits must be validated in order for a student to take the diploma exam, that is to say 165 ECTS from semesters 1-6 in order to take the DNAP and 270 ECTS from semesters 1-9 in order to take the DNSEP. Some ECTS are reserved for successfully passing the diploma exam: 15 ECTS are allocated for acquisition of the DNAP and 30 ECTS for acquisition of the DNSEP (5 ECTS for validation of the Masters thesis and 25 ECTS for artistic work).
Procedures for making up credits
For semesters 1, 3 and 7 missing credits may be made up during the following semester, according to the procedure set out by the teachers of the non-validated course. When for reasons of content or practical considerations this type of “catching up” is not possible, a group of teachers (the tutorat in years 2 and 3) along with the pedagogical coordinator, decide on the method of making up credits and the time limit accorded for doing so. Made-up credits appear on the evaluation form the following semester.